In Tangmarg, a town in Indian-administered Kashmir, migrant workers make bedding from old clothes. They use a diesel machine that shreds the garments into cotton, and then they stuff the cotton into a mattress-shaped cloth. The workers, who come from Patna, the capital of Bihar, India, roam from village to village, recycling old clothes from the residents, and they charge 1,000 rupees ($15.34) for two mattresses.
Conwell Moyo builds a wall in Barham Green, a suburb within Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. Moyo says many of the decades-old houses in this area are undergoing renovations, and he hopes to get as many contracts as possible.
Mohammad Rafiq Dhobi, 42, washes shawls on the banks of the Jhelum River in Aali Kadal, in Srinagar, Indian-administered Kashmir. People who are a part of the Dhobi caste, many of whom use Dhobi as their last name, have traditionally been laundry workers who wash shawls by hand and dry them in the sun, earning about 500 to 1,000 rupees ($7.68 to $15.37) per day. Dhobi says he has been washing shawls since his childhood, but the younger generation in his family are shifting to other jobs.
For two hours three days a week, María Escobar, 29, washes her family’s clothes in front of their house in Chemal, a community in the Chajul municipality of Guatemala’s Quiché department. Escobar soaks the clothes in the large basin, then uses a wooden board and soap.
A farmworker in Lalate, a small area in Oyo state, Nigeria, helps another put a bowl of cassava roots on her head to carry to a nearby truck, which will deliver it to a processing factory. Cassava is a staple food in Nigeria and can be ground into a paste, which is used to make several local dishes.
Sugabo Shabani, a widowed father of eight, purchases drinking water for 50 Congolese francs (3 cents) per 19-liter (5-gallon) jerry can, which he carries and sells to restaurants at a market in the city of Kitchanga, in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s North Kivu province. Shabani walks to the market carrying two jerry cans by hand, and he can take nearly 500 liters (130 gallons) per day.
People with disabilities gather around a fire outside their previous residence, a Leonard Cheshire home for the disabled in Harare, Zimbabwe. They were evicted following a nearly 20-year dispute with the home’s administration that resulted in a Supreme Court case. The Leonard Cheshire Trust, a U.K.-based charity that operates such homes around the world, argued that the accommodation was supposed to be temporary, until the residents could live independently, but some of the 17 residents had been tenants for decades.
Theodosia Mukangoga, 24, carries cauliflower through Kanembwe village in Rwanda’s Rubavu district, on her way to the Mbugangari market in the town of Gisenyi, 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) away. Vegetable sellers say they earn 200 Rwandan francs (24 cents) per cauliflower in Gisenyi, compared with 150 francs (18 cents) in nearby villages.
From left, Thomas Mwanza, 14, Kuwala Mwango, 12, Sandra Tembo, 14 and Anna Simasiku, 13, carry 20-liter containers of water more than five kilometers to draw water in rural Zambia. They say they sometimes miss school because they must fetch water for their families. More than a third of all Zambians do not have easy access to clean water, according to UNICEF, the U.N.’s child advocacy agency. The stream nearest the village where these children live is contaminated because it is used by animals, Thomas says.
Razia Jan sits in her kitchen in the Doodhpathri area in the rural western part of Indian-administered Kashmir. Jan is a shepherd from the traditionally nomadic Gujjar tribe. Her family and others from her tribe come to the fertile valley in the Doodhpathri area in April with their animals, then they build small wood and mud huts. They graze their animals in the valley until October. When cold weather sets in, they return to their winter homes in another area.
Sunita Sunar (left), 30, and her three young children live in a Chhaupadi Gotha, a small hut located outside her home, during her menstruation. Every house in their village in Nepal’s Kailali district has a hut in their compound, but sometimes women choose to stay together for safety from wild animals. Sunar is joined by her 17-year-old neighbour, Anita Sunar (right), who didn’t want to stay alone in her Chhaupadi Gotha.
Sinnu Gili wears a “poothkuli,” a hand embroidered shawl, in her kitchen in Pudhu Mund in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Traditionally, just red and black threads are used in this type of embroidery, but now members of the Toda tribe incorporate other colors. The white indicates purity and innocence, the red indicates adolescence and the black indicates maturity, Gili says.