José Luis Perez Hernandez, 25 (left), and Marcelino Perez Aguilar, 57, retouch the façade of a trajinera, a colorful boat that ferries visitors around Lago de Xochimilco, a lake in Mexico City, Mexico’s capital. The decorative boats are retouched twice each year.
Protesters in San Cristóbal de las Casas, a city in Chiapas, Mexico’s southernmost state, take to the streets on Oct. 19 in response to the recent brutal rape and killing of 16-year-old Lucía Pérez in Argentina. Thousands of people protested in Argentina, and those protests spread across Latin America. The protests in Argentina, collectively called a National Strike Against Femicides, used the hashtags #NiUnaMenos, or #NotOneLess, the English equivalent, which spread across the world.
Students from the Escuela Oficial Rural Mixta, Caserío Cooperativa, school walk through the streets in Aldea Chaquijyá, a hamlet in Guatemala’s southwestern Sololá department, to celebrate Guatemala’s independence day on Sept. 15. Guatemala became a colony of Spain in the 16th century and gained its independence in 1821, making this the nation’s 195th birthday.
Kimberly Casia, 7, completes her mathematics exam, for which she later won first place among her district’s first-graders in the Olimpíada Nacional de Ciencias, the National Olympics of Sciences. The bi-annual competition gathers elementary school children across the country to test their aptitude in mathematics and social sciences. Casia competed in the San Juan Argueta district in Guatemala’s Sololá department.
Contestants in the Porcupine Labor Day Annual Pow Wow enter an arena for their event. The pow wow, a term used in Native American communities for a social gathering that involves competitive dancing, was held in early September in the Porcupine district of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, where the Oglala Sioux Tribe, traditionally known as the Oglala Lakota Nation, is based. The contestants’ identifying tags include the phrase “Stand Together Against the Pipeline,” in reference to the controversial Dakota Access Pipeline. The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, based in North Dakota, is leading a major effort among environmentalists and Native Americans from around the U.S. to block construction of that pipeline.
Indigenous people from Argentina’s Jujuy province in northern Argentina, along with others, make offerings to Pachamama, which in the local indigenous language means "Mother Earth." The event, held on Aug. 27 in Buenos Aires, gathered the city’s residents and some officials with indigenous people to ask for the country’s good health, a blessing of natural resources, work, and peace and unity among Argentines.
A bride walks down a main street in August toward a church in Libres, a municipality in the central state of Puebla. Members of the wedding party walk with her and behind her, some holding instruments and others leading horses.
Women participating in the KWESTRONG Triathlon in Minneapolis, a city in the midwestern U.S. state of Minnesota, smudge themselves with sage, sweet grass and other traditional medicines before the event begins. About 180 women canoed 3 miles, biked 9 miles, and completed a 5k or 10k run around Lake Calhoun on Aug. 21. In Dakota, the language of the indigenous tribe native to this area, this lake was originally called “Bde Maka Ska,” which translates to “White Earth Lake.” The event is intended to promote indigenous womens’ wellness.
Silvia María Samines, 36, sells camotes (sweet potatoes) and dulces de durazno (candied peaches) in front of a church in Sololá, a municipality in southwestern Guatemala. Samines prepares the food at home each day beginning at 5 a.m. A bag of candied peaches sells for 1 Guatemalan quetzal (13 cents) and each piece of sweet potato is 50 Guatemalan cents (7 cents). She earns 1,500 quetzales ($199) a month, which helps pay her children’s school fees.
Eli Tail, Sr., an elder member of the Lakota community, rests in the shade near the White River Visitor Center at Badlands National Park, a portion of which is within the boundaries of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. The Oglala Sioux Tribe, the Lakota community that is headquartered on the reservation, worked for years with the U.S. government to establish a tribal national park from a piece of the existing park. Those efforts sputtered in recent years after ongoing disputes between the tribe and the National Parks Service.
Mothers, with their babies, line a street on Aug. 7 in the city of San Cristóbal de las Casas during “Tetaton 2016,” a breastfeeding awareness event, as an older woman walks by. Participants, and mothers say they hope the event will change the perception of public breastfeeding, which is criticized in their communities.
Rain pours during “Feria del Dulce 2016,” a festival celebrating sweets and candies in San Cristóbal de las Casas, a city in Mexico’s southernmost state of Chiapas. The sweets include dulce de leche, a sweetened milk that is slowly heated, and cocadas, made with coconut, among others. The annual festival, which convenes more than 60 confectionary artisans, began on July 24 and is set to end on July 31.
A crowd watches fireworks at the Fiesta Patronal de Santiago, which took place this month in Mexico City. This type of fireworks display, with its wooden frame, is known locally as a “castillo,” for its large, almost “castle”-like height. The Fiesta Patronal de Santiago honors James, one of Jesus’ 12 disciples, who in Spanish is known as Santiago el Mayor. Activities during the four-day festival included lectures, concerts and workshops.
Argentine protesters braved the rain in Buenos Aires on July 14 to protest increased utility rates, which have risen by as much as 1,000 percent in some areas. The protests come within President Mauricio Macri’s first year in office, during which Argentines have experienced continued economic instability. The sign shown says, “No to the tarifazo,” a term used in Argentina based on the Spanish word tarifa that is modified to suggest an exaggerated rate. That phrase is followed by, “Macri, national shame!!!”
Visitors walk through the entrance to the National Historic Landmark of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, located within the U.S. state of South Dakota. Summertime brings many people to Wounded Knee, where, in 1890, U.S. troops surrounded then massacred between 150 and 300 Lakota people. Violence erupted there again nearly a century later in 1973, when armed members of the American Indian Movement (AIM) occupied a trading post to demand tribal sovereignty, an overhaul of tribal leadership and other changes.
A truck driver, stuck for days in a massive traffic jam caused by a road block, sleeps in a hammock strung between the wheels of his truck. Hundreds of vehicles were stopped on a federal highway known as the Carretera Transístmica, when the Coordinadora Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación teachers’ union organized the road block to protest a 2013 educational reform. The road block began on June 13 and continues today. On June 17, this truck was in the town of Matías Romero Avendaño, within the southern state of Oaxaca. Earlier this week violent clashes between union protesters and local authorities here resulted in ten deaths, according to local media reports.
Rocío, 32, a teacher from Guerrero state in southwestern Mexico who asked that just her first name be used, has since May 30 lived in an encampment made up of teachers in Mexico City. Like many others in the camp, she uses a public bench to wash her clothes. The encampment, made up of members of Coordinadora Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación, a teacher’s union, formed in May to protest a 2013 reform to the education system which includes a requirement that teachers undergo performance evaluations. Rocío and other teachers say the reform puts their job security at risk.
Humberto Xoquic (second from the right), prepares meat in the churrasco style in an open pit barbecue. The cooked meat is served on a stick or carved, then offered alongside beans, tortillas and tomato salsa. Xoquic, his wife Martina Pérez (far left) and their family live off this business, serving food to passersby in Panajachel, a municipality in southwestern Guatemala, from 10 a.m to 9 p.m. each day. Each family member has a particular role, including a daughter (second from the left) and son (far right). “Teamwork favors the family,” Pérez says.
A member of the Oglala Lakota Nation, an indigenous group in the U.S., tells Bernie Sanders about his experience with a lack of effective health services on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, located within the U.S. Sanders, a U.S. senator from Vermont and a candidate for the Democratic party’s nomination for U.S. President, hosted a community meeting there on May 12 in advance of a June 7 primary election in South Dakota, the state that now encompasses much of Lakota people’s traditional homelands. The meeting began with presentations by tribal leaders and representatives before Sanders took to the podium to discuss issues including poverty, job creation and health.
Cristobalina Saloj (left) and Antonia Guarcax (center) participate in an egg-beating competition for Mother’s Day, which was celebrated in Guatemala on May 10. The competition was hosted by Escuela Oficial Rural Mixta, Caserío Cooperativa, a school in the Aldea Chaquijyá in Sololá, a municipality in southwestern Guatemala. The event included raffles, games and other activities.
Protesters took to the streets in Mexico City, the capital of Mexico, on April 24 to publicly oppose sexual and gender violence, including femicide. The female homicide rate in Mexico is high, according to a 2015 report by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, with an average of 3.2 female homicide deaths per 100,000 women. This sign reads, “If they touch one, thousands of us organize!” Similar protests took place in more than 40 cities nationwide, according to social media campaigns run by the organizations involved.
Beatriz Nájera Pérez (left) and Ángeles González were among more than 2,000 couples married in March in a mass public wedding ceremony organized by the Mexico City government. The ceremony, which occurred in the capital city’s Zócalo, the main and historic square, included 99 same-sex couples. Couples must register in advance, but taking part in the mass wedding means the standard fees, which total about 1,081 Mexican pesos (about $60) are waived.
A crowd gathered in Buenos Aires on Feb. 18 to demand answers regarding the January 2015 death of prosecutor Alberto Nisman. Protesters held signs stating, “We are all Nisman.” Nisman was found dead in his home the night before he was due in Congress to present evidence regarding then-President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner’s alleged involvement in a criminal conspiracy related to the 1994 bombing of a Jewish organization. Eighty-five people died and hundreds were injured in that incident.
The carnival of Huixtán is celebrated each Sunday in February in the Huixtán municipality in Chiapas, Mexico’s southernmost state. The carnival combines Catholic and indigenous beliefs to kick off Lent and appeal for rain and plentiful harvests. Here, a group acts out scenes found in the Bonampak murals, an ancient Mayan archaeological site in the state. The murals document the civilization’s religious rituals, war practices and politics.