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The Global Press Style Guide

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Indian-administered Kashmir

Rule:

Use this name, in datelines and every other case, to refer to the contested portion of the Jammu and Kashmir state, which is administered by India. Do not use Kashmir on its own, as it refers to a land area that extends from within Pakistan to the east through India and into China. Always add context regarding the ongoing conflict here, noting where relevant that the contested land area is contested by Pakistan and by Kashmiris.

Rationale:

Jammu and Kashmir is the full, formal name of this state in India, but its semi-autonomous status is consistently disputed by both the Indian government and people in parts of this state. References to this state that do not note India’s administration are misleading, reveal bias, inflame tensions and deprive readers of clarity and local sources of dignified news coverage.

indigenous/native

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Use the verified formal name of an individual, group or tribe on first reference. Do not use indigenous or native in place of a verified formal name of a group. Only use the terms when the provenance of a person, group or plant has been verified. Sources should always be allowed to self-identify, but descriptions of people should be as precise as possible.

Rationale:

Precise references promote reader clarity and source dignity.

Indus Waters Treaty of 1960

Rule:

This treaty, mediated by the World Bank and signed by the governments of India and Pakistan, allotted the waters of six regional rivers to either India or Pakistan. The treaty’s intent was to ensure that Pakistan continued to receive the same amount of water from key rivers that it received prior to the treaty. Add context for reader clarity.

Rationale:

The treaty is a completed document, but both countries repeatedly dispute the other’s rights to the water. These disputes create confusion about the treaty’s intent and conclusions, leading to inaccurate or misleading news reports in which the treaty is relevant.

internally displaced person

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Use this term to refer to people who are forcibly displaced within the borders of their own country. Do not conflate refugee and internally displaced person. IDP or IDPs is acceptable on second reference.

Rationale:

Internally displaced person has a specific definition that is not jargon. Precise references are required for reader clarity and source dignity.

International Labour Organization

This is a deviation from AP Style.

intersex

Rule:

Do not assume that people with biological variations related to anatomy should be grouped by default with the LGBT community. Sources should always be allowed to self-identify.

Use intersex only as a clinical reference and only when relevant to a story’s news value.

Rationale:

It is not accurate to assume that a source seeks affiliation with a larger group. Precise references ensure source dignity and reader clarity.