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The Global Press Style Guide

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Indian-administered Kashmir

Rule:

Use this name, in datelines and every other case, to refer to the contested portion of the Jammu and Kashmir state, which is administered by India. Do not use Kashmir on its own, as it refers to a land area that extends from within Pakistan to the east through India and into China. Always add context regarding the ongoing conflict here, noting where relevant that the contested land area is contested by Pakistan and by Kashmiris.

Rationale:

Jammu and Kashmir is the full, formal name of this state in India, but its semi-autonomous status is consistently disputed by both the Indian government and people in parts of this state. References to this state that do not note India’s administration are misleading, reveal bias, inflame tensions and deprive readers of clarity and local sources of dignified news coverage.

Indus Waters Treaty of 1960

Rule:

This treaty, mediated by the World Bank and signed by the governments of India and Pakistan, allotted the waters of six regional rivers to either India or Pakistan. The treaty’s intent was to ensure that Pakistan continued to receive the same amount of water from key rivers that it received prior to the treaty. Add context for reader clarity.

Rationale:

The treaty is a completed document, but both countries repeatedly dispute the other’s rights to the water. These disputes create confusion about the treaty’s intent and conclusions, leading to inaccurate or misleading news reports in which the treaty is relevant.

inmate

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Do not use the word inmate when referring to a specific person in prison. Only use inmates as a general term to refer to a population of people who reside in a correctional facility.

Rationale:

People should be referred to as people as often as possible to prevent bias.

Example:

Zambia’s correctional facilities are meant to accommodate 8,000 inmates, but currently house more than 21,000. Read our story here.

internally displaced person

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Use this term to refer to people who are displaced within the borders of their own country by conflict. Do not conflate refugee and internally displaced person. IDP or IDPs are acceptable on second reference.

Rationale:

Internally displaced person has a specific definition that is not jargon. Accurate descriptions are key for source dignity and reader clarity.

International Labour Organization

This is a deviation from AP Style.

intersex

Rule:

Do not assume that people with biological variations related to anatomy should be grouped by default with people for whom gender is a question of identity. Use intersex only as a clinical reference and only when relevant to a story’s news value.

Rationale:

A journalist should not assume that a source seeks affiliation with a larger group. A person’s inherent identity should not be reduced to a biological variation.