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The Global Press Style Guide

Search: G

gay, lesbian, homosexual, transgender, transsexual, queer

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

All references to a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity must be specifically relevant to the story’s news angle. Seek explicit permission from sources before publishing details about a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity, if publication of those details could result in social or legal persecution. Anonymity is acceptable for sources who fear persecution.

Ensure that all relevant terms, including those related to medical procedures, are used accurately according to local definitions, with descriptive context added for global readers.

Do not use phrases that refer to a gay or alternative “lifestyle.”

Use “transgender” rather than “transgendered” or “a transgender” when referring to sources.

Only use the word transsexual if a source identifies this way.

Rationale:

Terms related to gender identity and sexual orientation vary by location. Sources must be afforded dignity, regardless of the legal and social realities of their home locations, and must have a reasonable expectation that their personal security will be respected.

generational descriptors

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Do not use words and phrases such as millennial, baby boomer or Generation X to describe people born in certain years.

Rationale:

These words and phrases are not globally understood or equally applied, and they force readers to make assumptions about the people so described.

genocide

Rule:

Only use the word genocide to describe a scenario in which a specific group of people are systematically targeted for death based on a characteristic the people in that group share. The definition of genocide is not linked to the number of people at risk, regardless of how small the group.

Mere intent to destroy a group is not a sufficient condition for use of the word genocide. Rather, the word genocide can be accurately used when physical destruction is happening and when there is intent to continue. This scenario might include widespread killings of members of that specific group with impunity, or the forcible prevention of pregnancy and/or childbirth among members of that group.

When entities in that area or scenario agree on the fact that a certain group of people are targeted for physical death, use the word genocide as a descriptor, with an emphasis on precision and accuracy.

Use the word genocide with great care and forethought, ensuring that local people in the area or scenario to which the word is applied have been thoroughly consulted.

Within Global Press Journal, use of this phrase must be reviewed by the GPJ Style Committee before publication, to ensure that its use is justified.

As with the phrase cultural genocide, it is Global Press Journal’s policy to use the word genocide when the editorial team is satisfied that the defining conditions are verifiably met. This policy is independent of the word choice used by governments, international agencies or bodies and other news organizations.

Rationale:

Local reporters are uniquely positioned to identify, define and report on instances of genocide in a timely manner.

geographic references

Rule:

Use precise place names, even when a location is not widely known. Add contextual geographic details when necessary for reader clarity. Place names should be verified with local people. For place names that only exist in non-Roman languages, confirm an acceptable transliteration with the local reporter.

Do not use continental or otherwise broad geographic references for people, politics, economies or culture. More precise terms are available in every instance.

Broad geographic references, such as sub-Saharan Africa, should be used judiciously when there are consistent units for comparison, such as economic or political commonalities.

For places where location names and boundaries are disputed, that dispute should be noted in the story.

Rationale:

Generalizations or poor transliteration in geographic references can lead to imprecise, misleading or inaccurate coverage.

Example:

Cellphone ownership has eclipsed landline phone ownership across sub-Saharan Africa.

ghetto

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Do not use ghetto as an alternative to slum. Use context and precise descriptions to describe the location.

Rationale:

The word ghetto forces readers to make assumptions.

Global Press

Rule:

Use Global Press to refer to the nonprofit organization as a whole. Use Global Press Institute to refer to the organization’s training program. Use Global Press Journal to refer to the organization’s publication. Only refer to a news product as that of Global Press Journal, not of Global Press.

Rationale:

Entities that carry multiple brands should be referred to with precision.

global warming

government bodies/institutional names

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

For bodies and names presented in English, either American, British or a combination, the style is to include that name exactly as the organization refers to itself. For names not in English but in languages that use the Roman alphabet, do not translate the name, but follow the name with a brief description of that body’s function. If the body has its own English name in addition to a local language name, use the English to ensure reader clarity and use the local language name in the story version in that language. Translate names that only appear in a non-Roman alphabet, indicating that the name was translated by the publication.

Rationale:

Referring to bodies and institutions precisely and accurately fosters reader clarity.

Example:

Eddy Labossiere, an economics professor and president of l’Association Haïtienne des Economistes, an association of Haitian economists, says guildives are a unique element of the Haitian economy. Read this full story from Haiti here.