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The Global Press Style Guide

Search: R

race

Rule:

Use precise references to a source’s ancestry when relevant to a story’s news value.

Do not conflate race with skin color or nationality. Do not refer to race as a primary descriptor of any person or group. Do not assume that perceptions or definitions of race are globally shared.

Rationale:

Conflating race, skin color and nationality forces readers to make assumptions and promotes stereotypes. Precise references to source identity promote reader clarity and source dignity.

racism/racist/racial

Rule:

Use these terms when actions or policies are verifiably motivated by a bias based on ancestry, skin color or physical trait. Always include relevant context.

Rationale:

It is accurate to identify actions or policies as racist when they are verifiably motivated by a bias based on ancestry, skin color or physical trait. Precise references promote reader clarity and source dignity. Imprecise use of these terms can inflame tensions.

Example:

Rhodesia, which took over the British colony of Southern Rhodesia and was not recognized by other nations, employed broad, racist policies to keep black Zimbabweans from owning land and holding good jobs. Read this full story from Zimbabwe here.

rebel/rebel group/rebellion

recipes

refugee

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Do not conflate refugees, who flee to a foreign country to escape danger, and internally displaced people, who are displaced by conflict within the borders of their own country.

Review the relevant legal context for a country’s definition of refugee to ensure the word is used appropriately. When a host country’s definition of refugee differs from the definition in a source’s country of origin, describe the difference.

Rationale:

The term refugee can have varying definitions based on the country. Precise and context-rich references are required for reader clarity and source dignity.

religious references

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Use lowercase letters to refer to the names of major religious historical events, including those specific to Christianity, Islam and other major religions, so as to avoid displaying preference for those major religions. Capitalize key holidays and calendar events in every case.

Rationale:

Capitalization of only mainstream religious events indicates bias.

Example:

Many Christians celebrate Easter to remember the resurrection of Jesus, a core tenet of their religion.

rice/paddy

Rule:

Do not use rice paddy or rice field to refer to the location where rice is grown. A paddy is the plant that produces the grain rice. Only use the term rice to describe the grain once it has been harvested.

Rationale:

Precise references are required for reader clarity.