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The Global Press Style Guide

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Pakistani-administered Kashmir

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Use Pakistani-administered Kashmir to refer to the area in the disputed Kashmir region where public services are provided by the Pakistani government, consisting of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan. Note that both areas are also claimed by India.

Always add historical context, recent legal developments and details of the ongoing conflict, noting where relevant that the Kashmir region is disputed by some Kashmiri people and by India, Pakistan and China.

Rationale:

Using precise, neutral terms to describe disputed territories and complex geopolitical situations promotes reader clarity.

people of color

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Do not use this term to describe or categorize non-white people. Use precise terms to describe people according to a story’s news value. Allow sources to self-identify. The term is acceptable in quotes.

Rationale:

Precise terms promote reader clarity and source dignity.

prisoner

pro-life/pro-choice

pronouns

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Use the pronoun preferred by a source.

When use of a nonstandard pronoun is necessary, add context.

Rationale:

Accurate references promote source dignity and reader clarity.

prostitute

pseudonym

Rule:

Do not use pseudonyms for anonymous sources. Instead, use a descriptive reference, a source’s confirmed nickname or initials.

Rationale:

It is imprudent to insert any fictional element into a news story. Use of a pseudonym does not advance reader clarity.

Puerto Rico/Puerto Ricans

This is a deviation from AP Style

Rule:

Use Puerto Rico on first and second reference. While Puerto Rico is a self-governed, unincorporated territory of the United States, references to Puerto Rico as a commonwealth or a territory are not clear and are often rejected by some Puerto Ricans.

Do not refer to Puerto Rico as an island, as it is made up of multiple islands.

Refer to the people of Puerto Rico as Puerto Ricans, only noting the terms of their U.S. citizenship when relevant to the story.

Do not refer to the United States as the mainland. Use the United States or the U.S. government in favor of generic geographic references that may convey bias.

Rationale:

Precise references promote reader clarity and source dignity.

Pygmy

Rule:

Use this word only when relevant to a story’s news value and after confirming with a local source that it is an appropriate reference. Do not assume that people, especially those who live in forests in the central African region and who are short in stature, are Pygmies.

Rationale:

Accurate use of this term ensures source dignity and reader clarity.