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The Global Press Style Guide

Search: N

names

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Do not translate names and other proper nouns that use the Roman alphabet. Follow the name with an appositive to describe the proper noun, if necessary.

Names written or presented in non-Roman alphabets must be translated for reader clarity. Use a common English version of the name, if one exists. In all other cases, work with a translator to ensure an acceptable transliteration, alerting readers that a transliteration has been used.

Allow local sources to state what constitutes a surname on second reference.

Rationale:

Presenting names in original languages ensures accuracy. Translating names to and from non-Roman alphabets ensures reader clarity.

native

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Do not use native as a noun to describe a person, group or plant. Allow sources to self-identify as native.

Rationale:

The word native is a general term that lacks precision. It is also considered pejorative in many contexts.

Native American tribes/tribal nations/First Nations

Rule:

Use precise names when referring to sovereign or formally constituted nations. These terms are not necessarily interchangeable.

Rationale:

Precision is required when referring to tribal nations, because of the wide variety of cultures and languages practiced by those groups. As sovereign or formally constituted nations, each group or tribe is most accurately referred to by its specific name.

Native American/American Indian Reservation

Rule:

Use the word reservation when it is part of a proper noun or when specifically referring to land governed by a sovereign tribal nation.

In the United States, such land should be described as “within” the U.S. or within the borders of a specific U.S. state, to ensure that readers understand the sovereign nature of the tribe’s governance.

Rationale:

It’s misleading and imprecise to refer to an American Indian reservation without noting that it is sovereign land, governed by a tribal nation.

Native American/American Indian/Alaska Native

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

All three terms are acceptable, according to source preference, when describing an individual or group.

Rationale:

There is no standard general reference to people with this ancestry. Allowing sources to choose ensures dignified representation.

Nepali/Nepalese

Rule:

Use Nepali in reference to the language and Nepalese in reference to the people, culture and currency.

Rationale:

Precise references are required for reader clarity and source dignity.