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The Global Press Style Guide

Search: H

hate crime

Rule:

Use the term hate crime to describe a crime committed against a person or group only if there has been a formal legal charge. When a country’s legal code includes a specific definition for the term hate crime, include details of that definition.

Rationale:

Misuse of this term can inflame tensions and create violent situations. Precise references ensure reader clarity.

headline

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Always capitalize the first word in a headline. Always capitalize nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs. Do not capitalize the indefinite or definite article, unless they are the first word in a headline. Always capitalize words consisting of four or more letters. Do not capitalize words consisting of three letters or fewer if the words are conjunctions or prepositions.

Rationale:

Capitalization of key words in a headline enhances reader clarity.

Hispanic

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Do not use the term Hispanic. Use precise terms to describe people of Spanish-speaking ancestry. Allow sources to self-identify. The term is acceptable in quotes.

Rationale:

This word is a general term that forces readers to make assumptions. Precise descriptions promote reader clarity and source dignity.

historical references

This is a deviation from AP Style.

Rule:

Capitalize historical references to definitively singular events that are commonly referred to as proper nouns, such as World War II. Do not capitalize references to civil wars, revolutions and other events that are not singular, regardless of location. Treat references to specific countries and locations as adjectives, such as the American revolution.

Rationale:

Consistency in referring to historical events ensures equitable news coverage.

homicide/murder/manslaughter

Rule:

Examine specific legal contexts to ensure that these terms and other related words and phrases are used accurately, based on the story’s dateline. Add contextual information for reader clarity.

Rationale:

International legal contexts and definitions differ.