February 4, 2019
Minimum Wage Hike Backfires for Domestic Workers in Zambia
February 4, 2019
The Zambian government passed a law in 2018 that dramatically increased the minimum wage. But the move, intended to help workers, has left maids scrambling to find jobs.
LUSAKA, ZAMBIA — Bridget Nalumino should have benefitted from the wage hike that nearly doubled the minimum wage. But instead of a hefty paycheck, she received notice that she was no longer employed.
For a month after the increase, which took effect in September, Nalumino, a domestic worker, made regular journeys to a maid center that trains and hires out people with her skills, but she never found work.
Fewer people are hiring maids since the wage hike, she says.
Before the hike, minimum wage workers earned 522 Zambian kwacha ($43.70) per month. Now, they’re supposed to earn 993 kwacha ($78.20), a rate that includes a transportation allowance. But many of those workers, like Nalumino, aren’t earning anything at all.
“We used to have people flocking here asking for domestic workers, but now it’s rare to have people come in, and those that come are always asking to negotiate with the workers,” says Edith Sosala, proprietor of Kasiya Maid \ Gardener Centre, which trains and hires out domestic workers.
Prudence Phiri, GPJ Zambia
The center used to send between eight and 10 workers to employers each week, she says. Now, it’s a lucky week if five workers find jobs.
The center allows workers to negotiate directly with employers, but Sosala says she forbids negotiations that push workers’ pay below 700 kwacha ($59) monthly.
Workers deserve decent salaries, Sosala says, but the wage hike was too abrupt and required too much of employers.
Delia Ngwenya, who runs Anointed Maid Center, faces the same challenge.
“I have fewer clients now, and most of them are opting to negotiate the salary with the employee,” she says. “It’s difficult to stop a person from negotiating the terms, because they are getting desperate. They are better off getting a smaller salary than nothing at all.”
Harrington Chibanda, executive director of the Zambia Federation of Employers, says the unemployment rate among domestic workers is likely to soar, but there are no statistics showing whether unemployment rates have changed since the law went into effect.
“We want employees to get the best wages, but what is meant to be good may turn out bad for them, because a raise of 100 percent is too much on the employers,” Chibanda says. “The domestic workers are now losing their jobs.”
Joyce Nonde Simukoko, Zambia’s Minister of Labour and Social Security, says the law won’t be amended.
“The law was passed,” she says. “It has to be adhered to.”
Mary Phiri, a Lusaka resident, says she had to let her maid go after the wage hike.
“I get 4000 [kwacha] ($334), and out of that, I should pay the maid and the garden boy 1000 ($84) each. Then how will I sort out the rest of the bills?” Phiri says. “It’s impossible.”
Prudence Phiri, GPJ, translated some interviews from Nyanja.
Editor’s note: Mary Phiri and Prudence Phiri are not related.