September 10, 2012
September 10, 2012
KAMPALA, UGANDA – Hundreds of women marched for justice and peace last week in a protest against rising food and fuel prices and recent brutality by police and other security operatives. Wearing white for peace, they carried empty saucepans with holes, mingling sticks and wooden spoons, which they banged as they walked from Kiira grounds to Yusuf Lule Road and then back to Kiira grounds in Kampala, Uganda’s capital.
“The empty saucepan is a symbol that women don’t have food,” says Ruth Odhiambo Ochieng, executive director of Isis-Women’s International Cross-Cultural Exchange, a women’s resource center in Kampala.
The women carried placards urging government action on inflation and recent brutality against “Walk to Work” campaigners, who have been walking to work to protest high fuel prices. The placards displayed demands such as: “For a country without bread, bullets cannot be food,” “Stop shooting our babies,” “Women of Uganda want peace,” “Fuel prices must go down” and “Respect women’s bodies during arrests.”
They spoke out against the violence that has grown rampant here since mid-April, when Ugandans began protesting inflation with Walk to Work days after a call for peaceful change in the management of public affairs by Activists for Change, a nonpartisan nonprofit organization. Government forces have killed about 10 people during these protests, according to Human Rights Watch, HRW, an international human rights organization. Police acknowledge that more than 100 people have been injured and more than 600 arrested countrywide since April, according to HRW.
Maj. Gen. Kale Kayihura, inspector-general of the Uganda Police Force, has appeared on television to say that police have been responding to Parliament’s call to restrain in brutality while handling demonstrators. Local police have been silent on the issue.
The women organized the march to express their condemnation of both the violence and the inflation. Other groups and opposition leaders have also been protesting. President Yoweri Museveni, who was sworn in last week, has repeatedly said that protesters won’t topple his government, which human rights defenders say should launch an independent investigation into the police brutality.
Now at 14.1 percent, the consumer price index – the measure of the change in prices paid by consumers for goods – has more than doubled since February, when it was 6.4 percent, according to the Uganda Bureau of Statistics. The cost of maize, a staple food, has increased by 114 percent during the past year, according to an April World Bank report.
Many people have blamed the soaring prices on the government’s extravagant spending. Campaign spending is not officially reported here, but Andrew Mwenda, editor of The Independent, a weekly Ugandan magazine, estimates that the ruling party, the National Resistance Movement, spent approximately $350 million – largely of state funds – to secure the presidential seat in the February elections, according to Foreign Policy, a U.S. magazine. Meanwhile, more than half of Ugandans live below the international poverty line of $1.25 per day, according to UNICEF.
The march aimed to register women’s concern and condemnation of the excessive use of force in dispersing people protesting against inflation.
“We have witnessed a series of disturbing events in which we have seen the state and its law enforcement agencies respond in a brutal and often excessive manner to citizens’ demand for government action to address increased prices, cost of living, poverty, inequality in distribution of resources, corruption and the apparent disregard of pressing priorities in allocation of government expenditure,” reads the women’s statement, which was circulated before and during the demonstration.
One activist, who declined to give her name for security reasons, says they have no one to turn to for help.
“We call upon the government that women of Uganda are tired of tear gas, violence, and we are scared of police,” she says. “We cannot run to them when we need help.”
Lawyers from the International Federation of Women Lawyers, a nonprofit organization, reminded the government of the constitution.
“The state is obliged to respect, promote, protect and fulfill the rights of its citizens as enshrined in the 1995 constitution and other regional and international treaties to which Uganda is signatory,” one lawyer, who declined to give her name for security reasons, says.
Another lawyer, who also declined to give her name for safety reasons, called for the government’s “respect of the rule of law and the court.”
“Otherwise Uganda is heading towards a failed state,” she says.
Before the march, police warned the women to not make any political statements.
“We were warned not to make any political statements, but the food that we put on the table is a political statement,” Jessica Nkuuhe, an activist, says. “The tear gas, high fuel prices are political statements.”
Other groups have also been protesting.
Earlier this month, more than 300 lawyers organized a three-day strike against the police’s violent response to protests against rising food and fuel prices, according to The Associated Press, AP. They said the brutality infringed on the rule of law and the independence of the judiciary. They also spoke out against the arrest of opposition leader Kizza Besigye, who has been arrested several times for leading Walk to Work protests.
Besigye, who has said the election in which he lost to Museveni was falsified, returned last week from Kenya, where he received treatment for his eye, which was wounded when police fired tear gas at him before his latest arrest, according to AP.
Nearly 40 of his supporters were injured in protests in Kampala last week, according to the Red Cross, as Besigye returned from Kenya and Museveni was sworn in.
Museveni has said multiple times that demonstrators will not overthrow his government, which has been in power since 1986.
Rita Achiro, executive director of Uganda Women’s Network, an advocacy and lobbying network, says this march did not aim to threaten the government. She says it was rather a peaceful show of the women’s demand for the government’s accountability.
“This is not a politically motivated march, and that is why we are dressed in white because white shows peace,” reads the women’s statement. “We demand strong policy measures to address issues of food security, unemployment, health and education.”
The women later handed the statement to Margaret Sekaggya, a Ugandan lawyer and current U.N. special rapporteur on human rights defenders, who was at the demonstration. Sekaggya promised to send the statement to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights in Geneva, Switzerland.
Meanwhile, in a report issued this month, HRW urged the Ugandan government to launch a “prompt, independent, and thorough investigation” into police brutality in handling demonstrators. The report advised the government to ensure that fundamental rights such as the right to freedom of assembly and expression are protected and can be exercised without risk of censor.
“Our hearts are bleeding,” says one activist, who declined to give her name for security reasons, at the march. “We do not have food because we are teargassed and shot at for demonstrating.”